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Leather Care

Leather is one of the oldest materials known to man.

Here are a few reasons why leather has always been so popular

  • Leather is extremely strong, it takes more than 180kgs/Lbs of pressure to puncture leather-covered furniture.
  • Leather resistance to tearing is legendary. That is why breastplates, belts and show laves are made of leather.
  • By nature it is not flammable. Leather is the only material that can be used in the aircraft industry without the addition of further flame-resistant products.
  • If treated correctly, leather lasts for an incredibly long time. most experts give leather an average life four times longer than that of textile products. And ageing gives added dignity.
  • Leather does not cause allergies. All dust particles can be eliminated from leather, so it is perfect for people who are allergic to dust.
  • You can sit on leather without feeling hot or cold. Leather remains at room temperature until it comes in contact with your body, then adjusts to your body temperature.
  • There are countless possible colour variations, effects, structures and reliefs. Leather is so versatile that it can be used in fashion, for furniture, for car upholstery, for shoes and bags, etc.
  • Leather is a prestigious article.  Leather is offered for articles such as furniture or car upholstery. The leather version is outstanding for its quality.

 

Leather Types

In order to use Leather Cleaning Products correctly and to obtain the maximum cleaning and protection results, it is essential to be able to recognise the various types of leather (aniline, protected, nubuck), thus avoiding the use of products where not suited.

Leather Cleaning System works in collaboration with many upholstery manufacturers in classifying their leathers into the following three basic categories:

 

 

ANILINE: cleaning code A

Also called Natural, Pure, Naked or Unprotected

These leathers are coloured with transparent dye stuff. This means that you are able to see the actual surface grain and markings. It is as if you are looking through a coloured lens. These leather have very little or no protective treatments applied to them. The most common thing to do is to spray a wax finish on the surface that gives short term water repellance. The actual way that the leather is made varies from tannery to tannery.

How Aniline Leathers are made
Generally this is how aniline leathers are made:

  • The leather is tanned, then dyed to a crust colour
  • Often the surface is sprayed with additional aniline dyestuff in an attempt to even out the colouring
  • It is possible that additional treatments are done to create looks like sauvage, pull-up, wax crackle, and shrunken grain
  • As a final step, sometimes a light protective spray (such as wax or flourcarbon) is applied to give the leather light resistance from staining
  • Steps are taken to soften the leather either by massaging machines and/or by tumbling

Ways to identify aniline leathers
For care and maintenance purposes we need to know if the surface has been brushed (has a texture like velvet) or not. This is the point at which people have difficulty distinguishing Nubuck from Aniline leathers. There are several ways you can identify an aniline leather:

  • Lightly scratch the surface to see if it leaves a lighter colour scratch mark. If it scratches to a lighter colour, it is aniline.
  • This is not the only test to do because some Nubucks will do this also.
  • Wet your finger and lightly rub it into the leather to see if it turns a darker shade. It shoulkd darken slightly, but dry invisibly.
  • These are the best tests that you can do in the field. With time you will be able to identify Aniline Leather visually and by feel.

Every picture tells a story.....
of how the cow lived and under what conditions. Each hide directly reflects the effects of life on the range.

If you look closely you can see; healed scars, scratches, variations in color, scrapes, varied grain wrinkles
and even occasional bites from insects. All of these natural markings are a signature of genuine leather.
These beauty marks highlight the difference between a natural product and man-made materials.
Your efforts to follow the advised care and maintenance tips will help your ANILINE leather meet your expectations.

  • Hand or Comfort – Excellent
  • Natural Markings – Visible
  • Resistance to Fading – Low
  • Colour – Shading is normal
  • Cleanability – Moderate

Cleanability is dramatically increased with use of Leather Protection Cream


Care tips for Aniline, Natural, Unprotected, Pure or Naked Leathers

Try to maintain at least two feet between your furniture & heating sources.
Prolonged exposure to heat vents or radiators will cause drying out of your leather.

Avoid placing your furniture in direct sunlight. All materials will fade over time when placed in direct sunlight. Aniline leathers are especially sensitive to sunlight. Do not place ANILINE leather in windows or under skylights.
Like all items in your house, Leather can accumulate dust. Lightly dampen a soft cloth with the Leather Soft Cleaner and dust weekly. You may also use the soft brush attachment on your vacuum. You may fully remove dust particles from ANILINE leather's surface, making them ideal for dust sensitive persons.
All leathers perform better when preventative maintenance is practiced. For ANILINE leathers apply Leather Protection Cream to the surface of the leather to help resist staining and prevent overall soiling. Pay particular attention to protect high use areas like; seats, arms and backs.
As a general rule, fully clean your furniture with Leather Soft Cleaner at least every six months to remove dirt as well as the gradual accumulation of body oils and perspiration. ANILINE leathers require more frequent cleaning when placed in high use areas like a TV room. After cleaning, reapply Leather Protection Cream to the leather to renew the protection level.


Aniline Leather Cleaning Hints & Problem Solver - click to solve all your cleaning problems and spills.



Also called Finished, semi-anilne, everyday, pigmented or painted

These leathers have combined the best aspects of a natural product (leather) and have utilized tannery technology to create a product that is more uniform in appearance and colour (due to the application of pigments to the surface).  It then has a finish applied to the surface that makes the leather more resistant to the effects of heavy use.  The pigments and finish applied to the leather do affect the softness somewhat. The more finish that is applied the less soft is the leather.

What determines the amount of pigment and finish needed is:

  • The colour of the leather (all light colours require more pigment to cover the surface).
  • The selection of the leather (lower grade selection requires more mechanical correction) 
  • The desired level of resistance the finish needs (automotive requires the highest) 
  • Protected leathers are the most common leathers and for most consumers the most practical.

How Protected Leathers are made

Generally this is how protected leathers are made:

  • The leather is tanned, then dyed to a crust colour
  • Depending upon the selection of hides, the leather is either partially or heavily machined and buffed to even out and hide the natural markings
  • Pigment is applied to the leather either by spraying or roller coating method
  • Depending upon the article, partial or full embossing of grain may be done to the surface
  • Finish is applied to the leather to provide rub resistance and to seal the pigment
  • Steps are taken to soften the leather either by massaging machines and/or tumbling machines


Identifying Protected Leathers

Lightly scratch the surface to see if it leaves a lighter colour scratch mark.  If it does not scratch to a lighter colour (this means the colour remains the same) then this is a protected leather
Use soft cleaner and clean the leather.  The cleaner should stay on top of the finish and should not darken the leather.
The surface should have some sheen level to it.  It is like looking at wood that has a lacquer finish compared to a wipe-on oil treatment.

Every picture tells a story...
of how the cow lived and under what conditions. Each hide directly reflects the effects of life on the range.


If you look closely you can see; healed scars, scratches, variations in color,
scrapes, varied grain wrinkles and even occasional bites from insects.
All of these natural markings are a signature of genuine leather.
These beauty marks highlight the difference between a natural product and man-made materials.
By adopting a routine care and maintenance plan and following the listed care tips for
PROTECTED leathers, you will help keep the leather clean and the surface protected,
helping the leather meet your expectations.

  • Hand or Comfort – Variable
  • Natural Markings – Hidden
  • Resistance to Fading – Good
  • Colour – Usually Consistent
  • Cleanability – Excellent


Regular use of Leather Protection & Cleaning Products will greatly extend the leather's usable life.

Care tips for PROTECTED type, also referred to as: Finished, Pigmented, Semi Aniline, Aniline Plus & Everyday Leathers

Try to maintain at least two feet between your furniture & heating sources. Prolonged exposure to heat vents or radiators will cause drying out of your leather.
Avoid placing your furniture in direct sunlight. All materials will fade over time when placed in direct sunlight. PROTECTED leathers are more resistant to sunlight, but take proper precautions.
Like all items in your house, Leather can accumulate dust. Lightly dampen a soft cloth with the Leather Soft Cleaner and dust weekly. You may also use the soft brush attachment on your vacuum. You may fully remove dust particles from PROTECTED leather's surface, making them ideal for dust sensitive persons.
All leathers perform better when preventative maintenance is practiced. Apply Leather Protection Cream to the surface of the leather to help resist staining and prevent overall soiling. Regular use of the Leather Protection Cream will greatly improve the cleanability of PROTECTED leathers and assist in resisting ground in stains like blue jeans and newspaper print.
Fully clean your furniture with Leather Soft Cleaner at least every six months to remove dirt as well as the gradual accumulation of body oils. Pour the Leather Soft Cleaner into a soft sponge and squeeze to produce foam. Scrub the leather with the sponge and the foam, then wipe the surface with a clean cloth to remove soiling. After cleaning, apply the Leather Protection Cream to the leather to renew the protection level. For ballpoint ink marks, use Leather Ink Lifter.


 

Protected Leather Cleaning Hints & Problem Solver - click to solve all your cleaning problems and spills.


NUBUCK: cleaning code N

Also called distressed, bomber or brushed

This leather starts out as an aniline leather which the surface has been brushed or sanded, and have created a texture similar to velvet on leather.  Many people confuse these with suede leather.  Suede is the flesh side of a piece of leather and nubuck is an effect that is done to the grain side, making it incredibly soft.

Creating a nap on the leather makes it even more absorbent than aniline leathers


How Nubuck Leathers are made

Generally this is how nubuck leathers are made

  • The leather is tanned then dyed to a crust colour
  • Then the surface is brushed with fine brushes or sands that cut the leather and create a nap or velvet texture
  • Sometimes additional aniline dyestuff is applied to the surface to even out or enrich the colour
  • Depending upon the article, stamping of a grain or print effect may be done
  • Fixation agents are sprayed on the surface to seal the colour and prevent transfer, or a flourcarbon treatment is applied to protect the leather
  • The leather is tumbled to bring out the nubuck effect and maximise softness


Identifying Nubuck Leathers

The surface should have a texture similar to velvet.  Move your hand across the surface of the leather to see if shading are traces similar to the effect when you vacuum a carpet in one direction and then the other.  If so, it is nubuck

  •  Wet your finger and rub it lightly on the surface
  • The surface will darken and also will dry to a slightly darker shade
  • For waxed surfaces, rub an area of the leather with a sponge several times. This will remove the wax and let you see if the leather meets aither of the above criteria.


Nubuck leathers can reflect the natural leather grain or have endless variety of embossed patterns applied to them, and colour vividly.  This is why this type of leather is also very popular for the fashion industry.

Every picture tells a story...
of how the cow lived and under what conditions. Each hide directly reflects the effects of life on the range.

If you look closely you can see; healed scars, scratches, variations in colour, scrapes, varied grain wrinkles and even occasional bites from insects. All of these natural markings are a signature of genuine leather. These beauty marks highlight the difference between a natural product and man-made materials. Your efforts to follow the advised care and maintenance tips will help your NUBUCK leather meet your expectations.Leather Type – NUBUCK Leathers Characteristics

  • Hand or Comfort – Excellent
  • Natural Markings – Visible
  • Resistance to Fading – Low
  • Colour – Shading is normal
  • Cleanability – Moderate


Cleanability is dramatically increased with use of Leather Master Nubuck Protector

Care tips for Nubuck, Chaps, Distressed, Buckskin, or Suede Leather

 Try to maintain at least two feet between your furniture & heating sources. Prolonged exposure to heat vents or radiators will cause drying out of your leather.
Protect your furniture from all forms of sunlight. All Nubuck leathers will fade when placed in sunlight. Do not place your furniture in windows, under skylights, or in places that will put your furniture in sunlight.
Keep the Leather dust-free with weekly vacuuming. Use Leather Nubuck Cleaning Cloth to pick up surface soiling and return the Leather to its original look and feel. Simply wrap the cloth around a soft dry sponge and rub the Leather in several directions to lift soiling and renew the Nubuck effect. This will also reverse flat and shiny areas that appear from use.
All leathers perform better when preventative maintenance is practiced. Treatment of the surface with Leather Nubuck Protector will greatly improve the Leather's resistance to staining and soiling. It is most important that you treat the high use areas like seats, arms and backs. 
For water based stains, use the Leather Nubuck Cleaner. Apply the cleaner to a soft sponge and squeeze to produce white foam. Gently work the foam into the area with the sponge. Allow to dry and use the Nubuck Cleaning Cloth to renew the Nubuck effect. Then apply Nubuck Protector. For oil based use NubucK Leather Degreaser.


Nubuck Leather Cleaning Hints & Problem Solver - click to solve all your cleaning problems and spills.